What is B.V. Bacterial Vaginosis?
B.V. is the name of a condition in
women where the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is
disrupted and replaced by an overgrowth of certain bacteria. It
is sometimes accompanied by discharge, odor, and pain, itching,
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most
common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age. In the
United States, BV is common in pregnant women.
- How does B.V. affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
Pregnant women with BV more often have
babies who are born premature or with low birth weight (low
birth weight is less than 5.5 pounds).
The bacteria that cause BV can
sometimes infect the uterus (womb) and fallopian tubes (tubes
that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus). This type of
infection is called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can
cause infertility or damage the fallopian tubes enough to
increase the future risk of ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition in which a
fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian
tube which can rupture.